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2nd Year : Past Papers






ANNUAL 2008

KING EDWARD MEDICAL UNIVERSITY
M.B;B.S. First Professional Examination 2008 (New Scheme) Part ll
 Subject: Anatomy & Histology                                  Time Allowed: 2Hours & 20Mins
Maximum Marks: 60                                                 Qualifying Marks: 50 Percent
  
                                                           SHORT ESSAY QUESTIONS
                                                        (Each question carries five marks)

Q. No. 1. Tabulate Origin, Insertion, Nerve Supply & Actions of Extrinsic Muscles of Pharynx.
Q. No. 2. Describe breifly structures forming stomach bed.
Q. No. 3. Describe breifly development of Vertebral Column.
Q. No. 4. Draw and label microscopic features of a Nephron of kidney.

                                                                            LONG ESSAY QUESTIONS
                                                         (Each question carries ten marks)

Q. No. 5. Describe briefly the Deep Cervical Fascia of Neck.
Q. No. 6. Describe briefly the supports of uterus and their significance.
  
                                                                           PROBLEM BASED QUESTIONS
                                                            (Each question carries ten marks)

Q. No. 7. Two elderly women, both diagnosed as having pleurisy, were comparing their illness. One had   lateral  
                 thoracic Pain while other had neck and shoulder pain. Assuming the diagnosis is correct. Use your
                 knowledge  of anatomy and explain:
                 a) Why one had lateral thoracic pain and other had neck and shoulder pain, while diagnosis is same
                      in both?
                 b) Name the muscles can be used to elevate the ribs during external inspiration.
                 c) Name the muscles which are antagonistic to the diaphragm and participate in forced expiration.
                 d) Name the contents of anterior mediastinum.
Q. No. 8. 12 year old boy complained of sour throat and earache. He had 102 F temperature and difficulty in
                Swallowing. He was also a mouth  breather. Use your knowledge of anatomy and state:
                 a) What is Waldeyer's lymphatic ring?
                 b) Explain the basis of earache.che.
                 c) What lymph node would likely be swollen and tender?    




Subject: Physiology Part ll                                                             Time Allowed: 2 Hours 20 Mins
Maximum Marks: 60                                                                       Qualifying marks: 50 Percent


Q. No. 1. Compare and contrast diagrammatically DORSAL COLUMN TRACT with SPINOTHALAMIC TRACT.
                Give the functions of each in a tabulated form.                                                               (10)

Q. No. 2. a) Define and classify REFLEX ACTION. Explain REFLEX ARC.                                  (05)
                b) Compare and contrast the structure and functions of RODS and CONES.                (05)

Q.No. 3. a) Enumerate the hormones secreted by PITUITARY GLAND. Describe the actions and regulation of
                   secretion of  GROWTH HORMONE.                                                                            (07)
               b) Describe the UTERINE CHANGES during MENSTRUAL CYCLE.                              (03)

Q.No. 4. a) Give an account of SUCCUS ENTERICUS.                                                                 (05)
               b) What are the factors influencing GASTRIC EMPTYING.                                             (05)

Q.No. 5. a) Explain the mechanism of HEARING.                                                                          (07)
               b) Give the physiological basis of signs of PARKINSONISM.                                          (03)

Q.No. 6. Write short notes on:
               a) MENOPAUSE                                                                                                              (2.5)
               b) ALDOSTERONE ESCAPE                                                                                          (2.5)
               c) VOMITING                                                                                                                   (2.5)
               d) ORGAN OF CORTI                                                                                                     (2.5)

  
Subject: Biochemistry                                                                    Time Allowed: 2 Hours 20 Mins
Maximum Marks: 60                                                                      Qualifying Marks: 50 Percent

                                                           SHORT ESSAY QUESTIONS

Q.No. 1. a) Elaborate the Site, Pathway & Control of Direct Oxidative Pathway.                                  (02)
               b) What is the Metabolic Outcome of the Pathway?                                                              (01)
               c) Illustrate the Metabolic Crosstalk of the Pathway.                                                              (01)
               d) Elaborate the Clinical complications of the Pathway.                                                         (01)

Q.No. 2. a) Enumerate the Site & Metabolic Sequence of Beta Oxidation.                                          (02)
               b) Enumerate its Metabolic Crosstalk.                                                                                   (01)(01)
            c) Elaborate its Bioenergetics.                                                                                                (02)

Q.No. 3. a) Define Atherosclerosis.                                                                                                       (02)
               b) Elaborate Metabolic Control of Atherosclerosis.                                                                 (02)
               c) Enumerate Clinical Complications of Atherosclerosis.                                                        (01)

Q.No. 4. a) Enumerate the Elements of Nutrition.                                                                                  (01)
               b) Draw a Nutrition Plan for Patient of Hypertension.                                                              (04)
  
                                                                     PROBLEM BASED QUESTIONS

Q.No. 1. A patient has gone into hyperbilirubinaemia due to Obstructive Jaundice:
               a) Elaborate site & synthesis of Bilirubin.                                                                                 (05)
               b) On which Test Protocol you would assess Obstructive Jaundice?                                      (05)
               c) Which Metabolic Pathways are grossly effected in Obstructive Jaundice?                         (03)
               d) Which Metabolic Control / Mechanism would avert this type of Jaundice?                         (02)
               e) Elaborate the Preventive Measures advised by the surgeon.                                             (05)


                                                                 LONG ESSAY QUESTIONS
 Q.No. 1. Elaborate Biochemistry of as;
               a) Site / Mechanism of Biosynthesis of Cortisol.                                                                     (05)
               b) Storage, Mechanism of Discharge, Transport.                                                                   (02)(02)
               c) Binding to Receptors, Signal Transduction.                                                                        (05)
               d) Biochemical Reactions.                                                                                                      (05)
               e) Pathologies associated with Cortisol.                                                                                 (03)






------------------------------------
First Prof Part 2 Annual 2007

FIRST PROFESSIONAL PART ANNUAL EXAMINATION 2007



SUBJECT: ANATOMY
MAXIMUM MARKS: 90
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS


NOTE: ALL QUESTIONS ARE COMPULSORY

SHORT ESSAY QUESTIONS

Ques. No. 01.
Name the various BASAL GANGLIA. Draw and label CAUDATE NUCLEUS. Which disease is caused by their lesion? (05)

Ques. No. 02.
Name contents of DIAGASTRIC TRIANGLE and course of 12th cranial nerve. (05)

Ques. No. 03.
Draw and label INNERVATION OF URINARY BLADDER.
Ques. No. 04.
Name the contents of RECTUS SHEATH.What type of ANASTOMOSIS occurs between superior and inferior
EPIGASTRIC ARTERIES? (05)

Ques. No. 05.
Draw and label a diagram to show the microscopic features of URETER. (05)

Ques. No. 06.
Name four VIRAL INFECTIONS which can cause CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS. (05)

Ques. No. 07.
Give posterior relations of HEAD and NECK of PANCREAS.How it develops? (05)

Ques. No. 08.
Summarize development of UTERINE TUBE. (05)

Ques. No. 09.
Draw and Label the arterial supply of SUPEROLATERAL SURFACE OF CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE. What is
BROCA'S AREA. (05)

Ques. No. 10.
Name the structures which form ALIMENTARY SYSTEM. Mention ARTERAIL SUPPLY and VENOUS DRAINAGE of left testis. (05)
LONG ESSAY QUESTIONS

Ques. No. 01.
Name SALIVARY GLANDS. Give an account of Deep Structures of PAROTID GLAND. What strructures you will save
during its surgery? (10)

Ques. No. 02.
Draw and Label a diagram to show the microscopic features of THYROID GLAND. (10)

Ques. No. 03.
Give an account of development of URINARY BLADDER. Mention EXTROPHY of the BLADDER in detail. (10)

Ques. No. 04.
Give an account of Formation, Course, Termination and Relations of PORTAL VEIN. Draw a diagram to show PORTO - SYSTEMIC ANASTOMOSIS. (10) 

SUBJECT: PHYSIOLOGY


MAXIMUM MARKS: 90
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS


NOTE: ATTEMPT ALL QUESTIONS. DRAW DIAGRAMS WHERE NECESSARY.


Ques. No. 01.
(a) How is CEREBROSPINAL FLUID formed and drained? (10)
(b) Describe the functions of CSF. What is HYDROCEPHALUS? (10)

Ques. No. 02.
(a) Give an account of ANALGESIA SYSTEM. (10)
(b) What are the features in a patient having HEMISECTION of the SPINAL CORD. (10)

Ques. No. 03.
(a) Describe the changes produced in Eyes when these are focussed on a NEAR OBJECT? (05)
(b) What is the Mechanism of the DISCRIMINATION of the PITCH of the SOUND? (05)

Ques. No. 04.
(a) Give the actions of GLUCOCORTICOIDS. (10)
b) Give the features of HYPERTHYROIDISM in INFANTS & ADULTS. (05)

Ques. No. 05. Give an account of:
(a) ENDOCRINAL FUNCTIONS of the PLACENTA. (05)
(b) SEMEN. (05)

Ques. No. 06. Write note on:
(a) ACHALASIA of the ESOPHAGUS. (03)
(b) DEFACATION REFLEX. (04)
(c) APHASIA. (04)
(d) TASTE BUDS.

SUBJECT: BIOCHEMISTRY 


MAXIMUM MARKS: 90
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS


NOTE: ATTEMPT ALL QUESTIONS.


Ques. No. 01. (a) Elaborate the Comprehensive Sequential Digestion and Absorption of Dietary Lipomics and Related Clinical
Complications in Human Body. (10)
(b) How do Lipoproteins help in Sustaining Normal Lipid Profile in Human Body? (10)

Ques. No. 02. (a) Elaborate the Chemical Nature, Site and Biosynthesis, Mechanism of Discharge, Transport, Binding to
Receptors and Resultant Signalling of Insulin. (10)
(b) Elaborate Normal Biochemical Functions of Insulin and Abnormalities associated with Diabetes Mellitus. (10)

Ques. No. 03. Elaborate the Pathway involved in Production and Disposal of Ammonia in Human Body.(10)

Ques. No. 04. Outline the Nutritional Strateggy for a Patient of Chronic Renal Failure. (10)

Ques. No. 05. Illustrate the Process of Gout and Resultant Clinical Complications in HUman Body. (10)

Ques. No. 06. What is Ketosis? Discuss its Normal Effects and Clinical Complications in Human Body. (10)

Ques. No. 07. Write Notes on:
(a) Lac Operon Model. (05)
(b) S.I.A.D.H. (05) 


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