Skip to main content
  • King Edward Medical University, Lahore
  • Mayo Hospital
  • css image gallery
1 King Edward Medical University, Lahore2 Mayo Hospital3 4 5
css slider by v8.8

The sound of Silence

A short story by Hamdan Ali Khan, 1st Year MBBS

The old man sat on the beach, barefooted and alone. Silence reigned everywhere except the occasional thrashing of waves which disturbed the acoustic equilibrium. Night it was, the sky filled with a million lanterns, the birds dozing off quietly and the sea like an old pirate sang a silent shanty. Oh! He missed his youth, when he could swim to the Black Rock without drowning, when he could shout at the vast ocean, his resonant voice fading upon the edges of horizon. But all good things come to an end, the voice that once resonated; now a husky whisper. The man who was the fastest swimmer; now an ancient remainder of time and its echoes. The doctors said he had terminal cancer that he would die in a week. He didn’t fear death, he had no family, nothing to lose except maybe the sight when someone would break his 50 years old record. The silence of the calm sea nurtured in him a desire to swim to the Black Rock once again, one last time. He …

Thinking outside the Box 1: Robotic Surgery

By Muhammad Mohsin Ali
It is a generally accepted idea in the medical fraternity that you don’t need a lot of things in life to be nettled: your studies are more than enough. What with Anatomy substages, Physiology tests (and even worse: lectures) and everything about Biochemistry, you feel you have enough on your hands to cope with for a lifetime.

You think about conceiving a murder plan for the next person who mentions studies. You consider air embolism, electrocution and even tension pneumothorax. But then, you are limited in our means and you don’t want to spend the next 4 years in a smelly cell inside the Session Court.

But rest assured: Thinking Outside the Box is not something to make you wish you had never chosen the medical field. TOTB is going to be a fun-filled exploration of some of the sophisticated frontiers of modern science, especially medicine, which you don’t get to learn about in the newly demolished Anatomy lecture theater. As you read, you will realize that there’s more to life than tendons, ligaments and action potentials.
So, having said that, let us turn our thoughts to the topic at hand today, which is gonna be surgical robotics.
Yesterday, I watched I, Robot (ah yes, I admit I never watched it before), a movie based on the theme that by 2035, robotics will have evolved so much that robots will try to take the world in their own hands and to govern the creators. This is probably unlikely, but one thing is very much likely: we’ll be using robots like never before. Already, in 2014, we are experimenting on robots that can think like humans, and by 2035, we might well have robots strolling up and down our streets, singing in our operas and working as cash managers in our local markets.

How, you might ask, does this in anyway even wildly link to medicine? Well, you don’t have to look too far: the answer is right here. Robotics and surgery make as good a match as anything else, and hence now we officially have a terminology on surgical robotics.
In case you find this slightly exhilarating (and I dunno why you should feel that way), you might drop out of your seat on hearing that till date, nearly 2 million successful surgical operations have been carried out using—that’s right—robotics.
How come? Well, in its nearly 200 years of documented history, surgery has seen quite a few major shifts. From dissecting people publicly to remove a kidney stone to successfully saving the lives of chain smokers by CABG, surgery has evolved at a rate paralleled only perhaps by pharmaceutics. And now, instead of cutting people up to check what’s wrong with them, we use procedures that involve only a minor incision and access to the vital organs your body houses. Such procedures are called minimally invasive procedures.
In robotic surgery, the best known systems of which are the Zeus and the Da Vinci system (yup, the guy who created the inscrutable Mona Lisa), we use such a procedure to access the body. And here comes the creepy part: it’s not a real, living surgeon shredding through the layers of skin—it’s a robot.
But it isn’t as creepy as it looks. The robot is not working on its own (thankfully!) but is being operated by a surgeon sitting at a gaming console a few feet from the patient. Once the barriers of the body have been breached, the surgeon guides the robot inside, where the body structures can not only be visualised by a 3-D camera that is cooler than a DSLR, but also be excised, or treated in whatever way they are supposed to be treated, by microscopic surgical instrumentation.

The experience (for the surgeon) is often exhilarating. It’s like you have shrunk yourself by eating a piece of cake, like in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and then entered the body to check what’s malfunctioning. In fact, you’d appreciate this even more if you watched Dexter in your childhood—and not focused on DeeDee.
And if this were not exciting enough for a lifetime, recently scientists have invented a robotic phlebotomist—a machine chap who knows all about the anatomy of veins, can check via ultrasound for blood flow in the right one, and then puncture it to obtain your blood sample, efficiently and neatly in under a minute.

The advantages of robotic surgery are multifarious. Not only can we see what was previously obscure, but we can also perform procedures with low risk and less pain. Patients don’t have to be hospitalized for days on an end: you get a surgery done and in a few hours you’re heartily seen quaffing a pint of coffee at the local shop.
Robotic surgery is not the future of tomorrow, it is the present of today. Once we all grow up (if we still can), we won’t be cutting people open simply to remove a tumorous growth. We’ll be using robots, and it is undeniable that robots are not as stupid as some humans are.
So don’t fret, don’t worry. We’re going to have robots sooner or later. And if it is inevitable, why not use them to save more lives?


Here's more you should read...

USMLE Step 1 Experience by Ayaz Mehmood (Score : 99/266)

USMLE Step 1 Experience by Ayaz Mehmood (Score : 99/266)
Salam everyone, let me start in the name of Allah who’s the greatest benefactor of all mankind. I am going to write a detailed composition regarding preparation for USMLE Step 1. I am a final year student at King Edward Medical University and I took my exam on June 10th. Final year is the year before internship/ house job in Pakistan. I just got my scores: 99/266

Let me introduce some myths surrounding USMLE Step 1 which are especially prevalent within Pakistan; I am not too sure about India because I heard their students typically appear in their final years.

 Myth number 1:Do not appear for USMLE Step 1 within your graduation

 Verdict: Baseless, illogical reasoning

Explanation: This is so prevalent in Pakistan it’s almost pathetic. One of the biggest concerns surrounding our students is that Step 1 is a huge risk to be taken before graduation. Let me put it in another way: Step1 would always remain a risk whenever it is taken, …

Australian Medical Council AMC Part 1 Guide - Experience and Tips

AMC Part 1 by Dr. Asad Khizar Malik (Rank : 77/620) Australian Medical Council  Guide - Experience and Tips
Salam people, let me start in the name of Allah who’s the greatest benefactor of all mankind. Hope everyone is doing great. I'll try to write as much as I can for the people who are due to various reasons more interested in joining Australian Hospitals for post-grad training as compared to the USMLE pathway.

I am a graduate of King Edward Medical University, class of 2004-2010. I did my 6 months house job after graduation in Mayo Hospital, and after that, i gave my AMC Part 1 in November, 2010 from Brisbane. With the grace of Allah, I passed that in first attempt.


First thing in mind that comes with post grad training in Pakistani doctors minds is: Which way to go after graduation? That is a very tough decision that is …

FSc Premedical Guide - How to fly high..

FSc Premedical Guide - How to fly high.. Unsa Athar Your 40% needs to be excellent to get into KEMU or  some other good place.
(Dedicated to my teachers who not only taught me the fsc books but also many priceless lessons of life)
(Unsa Athar)
The tree that never had to fight For sun and sky and air and light, But stood out in the open rain And always got its share and rain, Never became a forest king, But lived and died a scrubby thing… Good timber does not grow with ease, The stronger wind, the stronger trees.
Getting yourself educated in the desi manner i.e. through the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education is one of the top most challenges of today’s society. Matriculation seems difficult at that time, but when you enter FSc, you realize that matric was the easiest job in the world.  Those obese books of intermediate part I and part II are the worst enemies one can ever have.  People say Medical is tougher, but I find one basic difference in both. When you enter a medical college, y…


Anatomy/Histology Gallery
Read the instructions here 1st Year

Histology Slides for Professional Exams
Folder 1- Labelled Folder 2 - Labelled Folder 3 - Labelled
Histology Revision Slides Updated (2011)
by Laiba Khalid
Lower Limb Anatomy Spotting Labelled

Embryology Models Some models are labelled and others mentioned in comments

Anatomy Museum Models (unlabelled) This album covers Upper limb, Lower limb and Thorax regions of anatomy

2nd Year
HISTOLOGY Diagrams Hand-drawn CARDS 2ND YEAR MBBSThese are hand-drawn histology diagrams by Demonstrator Dr. Shaista (Dept of Anatomy, KEMU) and submitted by Anosha.NEUROLOGY/ Neuroantomy SPOTTING  (LABELLED SPECIMEN) 2ND YEAR  Each structure is labelled and a great job done by Anosha. Neuroanatomy / Brain 2nd Year Important topics by LaibaNeuroanatomy Models Labelled  Gross models labelled by Maryam Shahid Abdomen & Pelvis Anatomy Spots Labelled Excellent job by Maryam Shahid
Anatomy Learni…

USMLE Step 2 CK experience by Rizwan Khan (254)


     I recently got done with Step 2 CK exam & I want to elaborate my experience and the mistakes that I made during my prep so that any of my colleagues who are preparing for this exam might benefit from them. I wont go much in detail about how to prepare and where to prepare from since it is already highly debated on the forum and in the previous posts but would focus more on my personal experience and the bad choices which I made during the preparation phase.
SELF-ASSESSMENTS AND QBANKS Uworld 74% Kaplan Qbank 69%
Kaplan diagnostics  = 80% (70 days before exam) Kaplan Simulation Exam 1 = 71% (50 days before exam) Kaplan Simulation Exam 2 = 76%  (40 days before exam) Fred simulation for CK = 84% (39 days before exam) NBME 2 (offline) 21 mistakes (30 days before exam)
NBME 4  =    263 (13 days before exam) UWSA =  259 (2 days before exam)
Real exam = 254