Skip to main content
  • King Edward Medical University, Lahore
  • Mayo Hospital
  • css image gallery
1 King Edward Medical University, Lahore2 Mayo Hospital3 4 5
css slider by v8.8

The sound of Silence

A short story by Hamdan Ali Khan, 1st Year MBBS

The old man sat on the beach, barefooted and alone. Silence reigned everywhere except the occasional thrashing of waves which disturbed the acoustic equilibrium. Night it was, the sky filled with a million lanterns, the birds dozing off quietly and the sea like an old pirate sang a silent shanty. Oh! He missed his youth, when he could swim to the Black Rock without drowning, when he could shout at the vast ocean, his resonant voice fading upon the edges of horizon. But all good things come to an end, the voice that once resonated; now a husky whisper. The man who was the fastest swimmer; now an ancient remainder of time and its echoes. The doctors said he had terminal cancer that he would die in a week. He didn’t fear death, he had no family, nothing to lose except maybe the sight when someone would break his 50 years old record. The silence of the calm sea nurtured in him a desire to swim to the Black Rock once again, one last time. He …

Biochemistry Final Prof Viva and Practical Questions 2014

My class helped me collect all of these. Kudos Batch 18!



Na level, K level, Cl level, Cholesterol level, Ca level, enzyme for which THFA acts as coenzyme, its mechanism of action, coenzymes of vitamin B12, what is methylmalonyl Co-A, role of kidney in pH maintenance, anemia in vit C deficiency, what is megaloblastic anemia, why is it called megaloblastic anemia, Marfan syndrome, tetany in metabolic alkalosis, metabolic derangement in ureterosigmoidostomy, alkali reseve, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis
amides,sorbitol,mannitol,their formation,non standard amino acid,formation and precursors of urea and uric acid,bonds stabilizing tertiary structure of proteins,surfactant and its chemical name,albumin level and its functions,draw choline and ethanolamine and structural difference between 2,keratin,elastin,difference between amino acids of keratin and elastin,Na level in ECF,Ca level,Hb level,isomaltose,draw phophatidic acid and its importance,importance of phospholipids,inuline,total body protein level,morphan syndrome,prions and in which condition they are formed,osteogenesis imperfecta,isomaltose,bone mineral deposition saiy pahlaiy kia hoti hai,viscosity
ascorbic acid? its role? coenzyme of cobalamin? function of methylcobalamin? ph of gastric contents+bile+saliva+HCl+pancreatic juice? role of THFA? folate trap? FA deficiency causes anemia? 
1.what is inuline? 2 .enumerate polysaccharides. 3.structure n function of heparin 4.jakob disease 5.what are modified aminoacids ?example? 6.vitamins playng role of modification?role of vit K in modification? 7.coagulation of proteins?example? 8.biochemical role of vitamin B12?its coenzymes? 9.what is crystallin? 10.follate trap 
cholesterol normal serum level,father name job?? achy achy kaam btao (i said ; sch bolna etc) sir ka laughter...beta cholesterol k achy kaam bhi bta do  folic acid coenzyme,schillings test,b12 coenzymes,y pernicious anaemia involves neurodegeneration,glutamine functions? y its non essential? lecithin?? kon si book se perha (didnt understand he was impressed or something else ?  sir MUSHTAAAQ..) acha sedha nechy jana wrna marks kam ho jye gy (was in too good mood)
ethanolamine ka structure, megaloblastic anemia is called so why? schilling test.
glucose level, random and fasting, Functions ov glucose, Glycogen kis form ma laty ha, Cholestrol level, functions of cholestrol, in which forms cholestrol xists in body ,Acute phase proteins wid xmples, Bence jontz proteins, how 2 detect
name any alcohol, use of glycerol, significance of shuttles, name saturated fatty acids, essential fatty acids, why they are called essential, are these polyunsaturated or monounsaturated, c reactive proteins, acute phase proteins, essential amino acids, why called essential, relation between phenylalanine n tyrosine, modified amino acids, alpha antitrypsin, tpp ka reaction, diff between thiamine n thymine, pka, why standard amino acids are called so, how many standard amino acids, ALT, transaminases, liver diseasae mn ALT kyn high hta h, test krne k lye sample khan se ln g, albumin globulin ratio
 bile..rancidity..iodine numbr..portal crcltn....intra hepatc extrahepatc of polyunsaturated fatty acdz...
Vit.D sources
Role of cholestrol in it.
cAMP n cGMP their synthetic enzymes
cholestrol level
Acute phase protein with alot of
Alpha fetoproteins.
HDL full form..
Good cholesterol
Pyridoxine's biochemical role
S-amino acids
Enumerate Hetero polysaccharide
Enumerate homopolysaccharide.
Follate trap
Essential amino acids. Why are they called essential? Semi essential? Difference btw alanine and beta alanine? Difference btw polar and non polar amino acids. Secondary amino acids ke types. Modification of amino acids. Cobalamin ke coenzymes? Why is nervous system involved in pernicious anemia?
reducing sugar?
Chemical name of steroid nucleus (perhydrocyclopentanophenanthrene  )
Essential a.a.
Difference between carotene and keratin
Polynucleotide examples
Difference between nucleotide and nucleoside
Example of aminotransferase
What does ALT stand for? What's it's other name?
write Hb buffer
which one is plasma buffer?
protein buffer?
how proteins act as buffer..i was silent(he said anything which carries some charge can act as buffer)then i told due to isoelectric pH....
what is the role of histidine in buffer action? (again isoelectric pH wala btaya k ye +ve ha but he said no 
anion gap its role
a common disease with metabolic acidosis (diarrhea)
name plasma proteins
name metallo proteins
zinc kis ka co factor ha?
selenium kis me hota ha?(i forgot the name)
glutathione kya hota ha?
ceruloplasmin kya hota ha? 
name all the cutochromes u know
name some ketone bodies
Na conc. in intra and extracellular fluid,ketone bodies,THFA, name the enzyme involved in synthesis of thymine (thymidylate synthase)........haq ada kr diya tum ne ab jao 
Secondary structure ov proteinz
polyunsaturatd fatty acid (more than 3 dble bnds)
bile salts fnctn
no of C atms in stroid ncleus n cholstrol
plsma lvl of chlstrl n glucose in fastng
HDL ks ki abrvtn
y its hgh dnsty? (more protein)
chlstrol ki 2 forms? (free estrfied)
whch is more abndnt? (estrfied)
ks k sath zada estr bnati he? (linoleic acid)
Transcrption Translation
Purines pyrimidines
Transmethylase example
Transpeptidase example?
Amylase decreased in which diseases?
Liver disease enzymes
CPK-MB increased in?
Nephrotic syndrome
Why edema occurs in Nephrotic syndrome?
Phospholipids ke types
Absorbtion of glucose
Intake of a person with sedentary lifestyle.
Difference between chylomicrons and LDLs
Where are they produced?
Which are exogenous and endogenous?
Vitamin D source, functions, etc
Apoprotein B

wht r ligases give example,is there any similarity btwn ligase n synthetase,diff btwn synthetase n synthase,coenzyme of pyridoxal n belong to which group of enzymes,name all the amino acids u knw,name aromatic amino acid n which is essential,name branched chain amino acids n which is essential,diff btwn creatine n creatinine,importance of glycine,what is saccharin,why sugars r sweet in taste,milk protein..??..n it belongs to which group of proteins,milk sugar...
cholestrol its function.
biotin and where carbonic anhydrase is present
 choline , polar A.A, aliphatic A.A , why called so , aromatic A.A, diff bw phenylalanine n alanine , why called polar A.A, function of pyridoxine , b6 n role in anemia , its role in tb ,vit c role in anemia ,coenzymes of vit b12 n their role , diff bw cofactor n coenzyme ,diff bw coenzyme n prosthetic group , n example of each...
Anionic Gap. K+ concentration in ECF. Enzyme converting Lactic Acid to Pyruvate, isomers, occurrence. Anomers. Table, cane, grape, invert, sweetest sugar. Polysaccharides. Tryptophan. Essential amino acids. Semi essential amino acids. Importance of Folic Acid in pregnant women. Cholesterol level. Metabolic Acidosis. Fixed/Volatile Acid.
Cholesterol functions
cholesterol and its functions
name all the buffers u know
plasma cholesterol level,
plasma proteins, how do they act as buffer, write hemoglobin buffer, properties of good buffers, ketone body level in serum, enumerate ketone bodies, cholesterol level, myelin sheath is formed by which phospholipid, ethanolamine
pplication of gibbs do nan in daily life. (Dialysis) waxes. Composition of bile. Functions of cholestrol. Practicle ma amount of Na .K. Cl in body


rancidity, lysolecithins, bile salts and their function, cholesterol, CCK etc 
all types of classifications of proteins,globular proteins,axial ratio,example of globular proteins,difference between tertiary and quarternary structure,pyridoxine,its importance and reactions,km,importance of Selenium...
vit C .Its role.role in collagen formation. scurvy? role of thiamine? pentothenic acid? its coenzyme?
1.classify proteins. 2.axial ratio? 3.diffrnce in tertiary n quartenary structure? 4.hemoglobin role? 5.pyridoxine role? why deficiency of pyridoxine leads to anemia? 6.Ehler danlos syndrome?
ubiquonone,vit k functions,phospholipids functions? types??
metallo proteins functions of heme, hemasidrosis, regulation of fe absorption ,purines names, cytidine
s hemoglobin
lipid clasfy
what r buffers,metabolic alkalosis,metabolic acidosis,wht happen when osmotic pressure dcreases,electrophoresis,sickle cell hemoglobin
diff b/w
resp, metabolic acidosis and alkalosis and lactose intolerance
vit D formation ,activation of vit D , functions of vit D, functions of Fe, glycoproteins , GAS enumerate 
Colloid osmotic pressure. Value of oncotic pressure. Plasma level of albumins. Quantity of albumins. Tertiary/quaternary structure of proreins. Structure of starch and cellulose.
Classification of enzymes
functions of cholesterol
classification of lipids
vit D ka function.vit K ka function,selenium kya ha?zinc ka function
classification of proteins,role of folic acid,nucleoproteins, beta carotene, ALT & AST,nucleosomes,plasmids.
oil, methotrexate, importance of folic acid, phospholipids and their importance


Written: Scheme for proteins Practical: Unknown solution: lactose
Viva: what is lactose, type of bond, type of bond in cellulose and glycogen 

PRACTICAL........scheme of carbohydrates+lactose(unknown solution)   MINOR VIVA....what is lactose,galactose,name other disaccharides,what is maltose,diff. between maltose and isomaltose,source of maltose,source ofsucrose.................. + don't get confuse but use your common sense while choosing unknown solution as lipids look greasy,carbohydrates appear mostly as clear fluid and proteins are turbid white or show white bubbles or suspension on top. also they haven't added (atleast in our group) any other protein than albumin or globulin i.e there are no proteoses or peptones ,casein or arginine.)      HOPE THAT IT WILL HELP A LITTLE :)  ]]]]]                               

write scheme of detection of albumin. normal urine . viva:how u detected urea? is urea present in normal urine? its quantity? quantity of normal urine? polyurea? 

practical:milk.....n viva:milk protein name...??...which tests detect it..???milk sugar...??show the test that u hv performed to detect it...n what is the procedure of this test..

15mins... Scheme for detecting proteins
Detect organic + non-organic constituents of normal urine...
Viva: what are organic components of normal urine... What's Uric acid?

What Happens During Practical?

As soon as you enter, you will be asked to handover your practical notebook and take a card. There are many cards, you take one and go to your seat. There is a practical written on your card, which may be one of these:
--Examination of Urine (either normal or abnormal)
--Biochemistry of Milk
--Unknown Solution

In the first 15 minutes, you write your practical on the sheet provided to you. If it's scheme, you draw the scheme. If it's milk or urine, you make the table.

Next, they give you new sheets and take away old ones. Now you are asked to perform, There are nearly 1:30 hrs for performing. After you perform, you just write the results and the conclusion on the sheet and hand it over.

After that you wait a LOOOOOOONG time for Sir Shakeel to come and take your viva. Your viva will be related to your practical mostly; however, sir Shakeel can ask anything else as well so BEWARE.


  1. I am al so agree with all above comments really appreciation work here...


Post a Comment

Your feedback is appreciated!

Here's more you should read...

USMLE Step 1 Experience by Ayaz Mehmood (Score : 99/266)

USMLE Step 1 Experience by Ayaz Mehmood (Score : 99/266)
Salam everyone, let me start in the name of Allah who’s the greatest benefactor of all mankind. I am going to write a detailed composition regarding preparation for USMLE Step 1. I am a final year student at King Edward Medical University and I took my exam on June 10th. Final year is the year before internship/ house job in Pakistan. I just got my scores: 99/266

Let me introduce some myths surrounding USMLE Step 1 which are especially prevalent within Pakistan; I am not too sure about India because I heard their students typically appear in their final years.

 Myth number 1:Do not appear for USMLE Step 1 within your graduation

 Verdict: Baseless, illogical reasoning

Explanation: This is so prevalent in Pakistan it’s almost pathetic. One of the biggest concerns surrounding our students is that Step 1 is a huge risk to be taken before graduation. Let me put it in another way: Step1 would always remain a risk whenever it is taken, …

Australian Medical Council AMC Part 1 Guide - Experience and Tips

AMC Part 1 by Dr. Asad Khizar Malik (Rank : 77/620) Australian Medical Council  Guide - Experience and Tips
Salam people, let me start in the name of Allah who’s the greatest benefactor of all mankind. Hope everyone is doing great. I'll try to write as much as I can for the people who are due to various reasons more interested in joining Australian Hospitals for post-grad training as compared to the USMLE pathway.

I am a graduate of King Edward Medical University, class of 2004-2010. I did my 6 months house job after graduation in Mayo Hospital, and after that, i gave my AMC Part 1 in November, 2010 from Brisbane. With the grace of Allah, I passed that in first attempt.


First thing in mind that comes with post grad training in Pakistani doctors minds is: Which way to go after graduation? That is a very tough decision that is …

FSc Premedical Guide - How to fly high..

FSc Premedical Guide - How to fly high.. Unsa Athar Your 40% needs to be excellent to get into KEMU or  some other good place.
(Dedicated to my teachers who not only taught me the fsc books but also many priceless lessons of life)
(Unsa Athar)
The tree that never had to fight For sun and sky and air and light, But stood out in the open rain And always got its share and rain, Never became a forest king, But lived and died a scrubby thing… Good timber does not grow with ease, The stronger wind, the stronger trees.
Getting yourself educated in the desi manner i.e. through the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education is one of the top most challenges of today’s society. Matriculation seems difficult at that time, but when you enter FSc, you realize that matric was the easiest job in the world.  Those obese books of intermediate part I and part II are the worst enemies one can ever have.  People say Medical is tougher, but I find one basic difference in both. When you enter a medical college, y…


Anatomy/Histology Gallery
Read the instructions here 1st Year

Histology Slides for Professional Exams
Folder 1- Labelled Folder 2 - Labelled Folder 3 - Labelled
Histology Revision Slides Updated (2011)
by Laiba Khalid
Lower Limb Anatomy Spotting Labelled

Embryology Models Some models are labelled and others mentioned in comments

Anatomy Museum Models (unlabelled) This album covers Upper limb, Lower limb and Thorax regions of anatomy

2nd Year
HISTOLOGY Diagrams Hand-drawn CARDS 2ND YEAR MBBSThese are hand-drawn histology diagrams by Demonstrator Dr. Shaista (Dept of Anatomy, KEMU) and submitted by Anosha.NEUROLOGY/ Neuroantomy SPOTTING  (LABELLED SPECIMEN) 2ND YEAR  Each structure is labelled and a great job done by Anosha. Neuroanatomy / Brain 2nd Year Important topics by LaibaNeuroanatomy Models Labelled  Gross models labelled by Maryam Shahid Abdomen & Pelvis Anatomy Spots Labelled Excellent job by Maryam Shahid
Anatomy Learni…

USMLE Step 2 CK experience by Rizwan Khan (254)


     I recently got done with Step 2 CK exam & I want to elaborate my experience and the mistakes that I made during my prep so that any of my colleagues who are preparing for this exam might benefit from them. I wont go much in detail about how to prepare and where to prepare from since it is already highly debated on the forum and in the previous posts but would focus more on my personal experience and the bad choices which I made during the preparation phase.
SELF-ASSESSMENTS AND QBANKS Uworld 74% Kaplan Qbank 69%
Kaplan diagnostics  = 80% (70 days before exam) Kaplan Simulation Exam 1 = 71% (50 days before exam) Kaplan Simulation Exam 2 = 76%  (40 days before exam) Fred simulation for CK = 84% (39 days before exam) NBME 2 (offline) 21 mistakes (30 days before exam)
NBME 4  =    263 (13 days before exam) UWSA =  259 (2 days before exam)
Real exam = 254