1st Year : Past Papers
Send-up 2008- First Professional Part-1 M.B;B.S
A) Describe Kidney function tests (10)
B) Compare and contrast the urine of diabetes mellitus and diabetes inspidus (05)
B) Discuss the factors that influence cardiac contractility (05)
A) Describe the hormonal/chemical and neural factors that regulate blood pressure (05)
B) What are the causes of metabolic acidosis? How the body reacts to severe metabolic acidosis (05)
A) How will u investigate a person suffering from severe anaemia? what changes are likely to occur in a patient of chronic anaemia who has total hameoglobin of 4 gm? (05)
B) What changes are likely to occur in human body during space travel? (05)
A) Describe the advantages and functions of myelin (05)
B) Draw and label the structure of cardiac and skeletal muscle (05)
Write notes on :
A) Na-K pump
B) Myasthenia grevis
D) Cardiac Vectors
Send-up 2008- First Professional Part-1 M.B;B.S
Short Essay Questions(each question carrioes 5 marks)
1-Define anastomosis.What are different types of arterial anastomosis?
2-Describe chorionic villi.
3-Draw and label microscopic structure of articular cartilage.
4-What are pericardial sinuses? Give their significance.
5-Draw and label azygous system of veins.
A) 16 years old boy has stab wound on right side of chest? Physician diagnosed penumothorax.What is nerve supply of parietal pleura? What are causes of penumothorax? What are its x-ray findings?
B) A girl has fracture of mid-shaft humerus.Which nerve will be involved? Name the branches of nerve.What are consequences of damage to that nerve?
· Long Essay Questions (Part A carries 13 marks, Part B carries 12 marks)
A) Describe different types of twining with anomalies.
B) Describe great saphenous vein. Name its tributaries. What is its clinical significance?
Anatomy M.B;B.S First Professional Part-1 Annual 2008
1- Discuss the longitudinal folding of the embryo.
2- Draw and label microscopic structure of articular cartilage.
3- Define bursa, classify bursae with examples.
4- Discuss venous drainage of thoracic wall.
A) A patient presented with pain in the epigastrum and gave history that he also feels pain in the right shoulder. Which of the nerve is affected ,describe its course ,relations and distribution of that nerve. Give the reason why pain in right shoulder?
B) Tennis player is suffering from pain and tenderness over lateral epicondyle of humerus with pain radiating along lateral side of forearm. Explain the condition and nerve involved. What is tennis elbow, give its cause.
· Long Essay Questions (each part carries 10 marks)
A) What is gestational sac, give its formation , its fluid formation , circulation in sac. what are its significance and abnormalities.
B) Give the attachments , actions , arterial and nerve supply of hamstring muscles.
Physiology M.B;B.S First Professional Part-1 Annual 2008
Q.No.1 Compare the features and functions of lysosomes and peroxisomes. (5)
Q.No.2 What is end plate potential? What changes occur in it in myasthenia grevis? (5)
Q.No.3 Draw and explain the compound action potential. (5)
Q.No.4 What are filtration coefficient and filtration fraction? Give their normal values. (5)
Q.No.5 A) Give an account of pressure changes in atria during cardiac cycle. What is jugular venous pulse? (10)
B) What is neurogenic shock? (5)
C) What are PR and QT intervals and their significance? (5)
A) A navy soldier remained in deep sea for about 08 hours. He came to sea level rapidly without following standard protocol. After reaching the sea level, he developed certain condition. (5)
1) What was the condition he developed?
2) What was the basis of development of that condition?
3) What was the treatment of that condition?
B) What are the features of metabolic acidosis? How does the body compensate it? (5)
C) Explain the mechanism of blood clotting occurring inside blood vessel. (5)
D) Which factors simulate respiration during exercise? (5)
Biochemistry M.B;B.S First Professional Part-1 Annual 2008
Q.No.1 A) Elaborate mechanism of activity of enzymes. (2)
B) Enumerate factors effecting enzyme assisted reaction (3)
Q.No.2 A) Elaborate the organizational components of Respiratory Chain. (3)
B) Their functions. (2)
Q.No.3 Enumerate five major genomics in human body and their clinical relevance. (5)
Q.No.4 Elaborate five major peptides organizing various functions. (5)
· Problem Solving Questions
Q.No.1 A) A patient with a history of chronic renal failure presented with anuria was admitted in Renal Intensive Care Unit.
B) Elaborate normal Renal Function with reference to acid-base balance. (5)
C) Elaborate the mechanism of onset of chronic renal failure. (5)
D) What would be proposed strategy of management in this case? (5)
E) What are expected complications? (5)
· Long essay Question
A) What are vitamins? (1)
B) What are sources of carotenoids that are transformed into retinol , retinal and retinoic acid? (5)
C) Discuss their digestion and absorption , transport and storage, release mechanism and mode of action. (5)
D) What are positive functions of Vitamin A? (5)
E) Elaborate recommended daily allowance? (1)
F) Which abnormalities develop in its deficiency? (3)